Monday, March 26, 2012

Cardiac Surgery Powerpoint Templates - Congenital Heart Diseases

Dr. Anand Somaya first trained under Dr. Nemish Shah, pioneer in cardiac surgery in children for many years. He underwent specialized training at the Texas Heart Institute in Houston and the National Heart Hospital in London. Heart Powerpoint Templates
A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels of a newborn. Most heart defects either obstruct blood flow in the heart or vessels near it or cause blood to flow through the heart in an abnormal pattern, although other defects affecting heart rhythm (such as long QT syndrome) can also occur. Heart defects are among the most common birth defects and are the leading cause of birth defect-related deaths.

Some of the common defects are patent ductus arteriosus, atrial and ventricular septal defect, blue baby’s syndrome which can be caused by various defects like fallots tetralogy and other complex deformities of the heart.

Symptoms and signs are related to the type and severity of the heart defect. Some children have no signs while others may exhibit shortness of breath, cyanosis, chest pain, syncope, sweating, heart murmur, respiratory infections, under-developing of limbs and muscles, poor feeding, or poor growth, build up of blood and fluid in lungs, feet, ankles and legs. Congenital heart defects cause abnormal heart structure resulting in production of certain sounds called heart murmur. Doctors can sometimes detect it with Stethoscope.

There are some factors that are associated with an increased chance of getting congenital heart disease. 

These risk factors include:

1. Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the child such as Down syndrome.

2. Taking certain medications or alcohol or drug abuse during pregnancy.

3. Maternal viral infection, such as rubella (German measles) in the first trimester of pregnancy.

1. Shortness of breath.

2. Limited ability to exercise.

3. Rapid breathing. 

4. A bluish tint to skin, lips and fingernails. This is called cyanosis.

5. Fatigue (tiredness).

6. Poor blood circulation.

Diagnosis :

Congenital heart disease is often first detected when your doctor hears an abnormal heart sound or heart murmur when listening to your heart.

1. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).

2. Chest X-ray.

3. Echocardiogram or transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE).

4. Cardiac catheterization.

5. MRI.

Surgery Powerpoint Templates To Repair The Defect :

A child may need open-heart surgery if his or her heart defect can't be fixed using a catheter procedure. Sometimes, one surgery can repair the defect completely. If that's not possible, a child may need more than one surgery over a period of months or years to fix the problem.
Open-heart surgery may be done to:
1. Close holes in the heart with stitches or with a patch.
2. Repair or replace heart valves.
3. Widen arteries or openings to heart valves.
4. Repair complex defects, such as problems with where the blood vessels near the heart are located and how they develop.


John | March 26, 2012 at 9:13 AM  

This is a very beautiful and interesting research
The most educating one i have read today!

High School Diploma

Jenny K. | May 21, 2012 at 3:02 PM  

luckily my baby wasn't born with this.

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